Parkinson’s Disease is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects the nervous system. The condition is caused by the degeneration of dopamine-producing neurons in the brain, which leads to a range of motor symptoms, such as tremors, rigidity, and difficulty with movement. Parkinson’s Disease is one of the most common neurological disorders, affecting millions of people worldwide.

Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease

Diagnosing Parkinson’s Disease can be challenging. The symptoms can be similar to other conditions, such as essential tremor or multiple system atrophy. The diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease is primarily based on a detailed medical history, physical examination, and a neurological examination. The doctor may also perform tests to rule out other conditions that could be causing the symptoms, such as blood tests, imaging studies, and other laboratory tests.

Parkinson’s Disease Treatment

Parkinson’s Disease treatment aims to improve the symptoms and quality of life of patients by managing the underlying causes and addressing the associated symptoms. There is currently no cure for Parkinson’s Disease, but several treatment options can help manage the symptoms and slow down the progression of the condition.


Medications are the primary treatment for Parkinson’s Disease. Dopamine replacement therapy is the most common treatment. It involves administering medications that mimic the effects of dopamine in the brain. Levodopa is the one of the most effective medications for Parkinson’s Disease, which is converted into dopamine in the brain. Other medications, such as dopamine agonists, MAO-B inhibitors, and anticholinergics, can also be used to manage the symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease.


Surgery is an option for patients with advanced Parkinson’s Disease who do not respond well to medications. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical procedure that involves implanting electrodes in the brain that stimulate specific areas to improve the symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease. Dr Paviour can refer patients to specialist neurosurgeons if they require surgical treatment

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can help improve the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease, such as balance, coordination, and mobility. Exercise can also help reduce the risk of falls, improve mood, and increase overall quality of life.

Speech Therapy

Parkinson’s Disease can affect speech and swallowing, making it difficult to communicate effectively. Speech therapy can help patients improve their speech and language skills, and also address swallowing difficulties.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy can help patients with Parkinson’s Disease maintain their independence. It can also improve their ability to perform daily activities, such as dressing, bathing, and cooking. Occupational therapy can also help patients adapt to any changes in their physical abilities and improve their overall quality of life.

The right treatment for Parkinson’s Disease is critical for managing the symptoms and improving the quality of life of patients. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can slow down the progression of the condition and prevent further complications. While there is no cure for Parkinson’s Disease, several treatment options are available. Dr Paviour is a specialist who can help find the right plan for your needs, get in touch today to find out more.


Photo by jesse orrico on Unsplash