Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative cause of parkinsonism, representing approximately 80% of cases.
Several studies have indicated that PD is more common among relatives of index cases. When all studies are analysed, first degree relatives of probands are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop PD.
Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease
As a rule, PD begins between the ages of 40 and 70 years. Peak onset is in the seventh decade. The pathological changes of PD may appear as early as three decades before the appearance of clinical signs.
The cause of PD is a result of many factors with contributions from hereditary predisposition (genetics), environmental toxins, and aging.
The NHS specifies symptoms that are associated with PD. The main indicators of Parkinson’s Disease are involuntary shaking of particular parts of the body which is also known as a tremor. In addition, a patient may experience slow movement as well as stiff and inflexible muscles.
A person with Parkinson’s Disease can also experience a wide range of other physical and psychological symptoms. These can include depression and anxiety and memory problems. Balance, insomnia and loss of sense of smell may also be evident.
Symptoms can present at different times and are different for each patient so it always recommended to seek medical advice should you present with any of these signs.
Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease
The goal of therapy is to reverse the functional disability. However, the abolition of all symptoms and signs is not currently possible even with high doses of medication. Levodopa has been considered one of the success stories of modern medicine. It remains the most efficacious drug available for the relief of symptoms in PD since its first introduction in the 1960s. More details about symptomatic, protective and restorative treatments can be found on the Parkinson’s Disease page.
Parkinson’s Disease Specialist
Dr Paviour has a specialist interest in Parkinson’s Disease and other Movement Disorders. He is the clinical lead for Movement Disorders at the Atkinson Morley Regional Neurosciences Centre.
Dr Paviour sees both private and NHS patients at his clinics across London. He welcomes you to discuss your symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease and possible treatment by contacting us for an appointment.